The first part of this article is sourced principally from the South Australian Library http://www.samemory.sa.gov.au/site/page.cfm?u=61&c=5248 and associated pages.
Born 3 November 1810 in Glasgow. Died 21 May 1865 age 54.
Buchanan's father was a Scot coffee planter in Jamaica. In 1832 Alexander went from Scotland to Toronto, Canada to establish a mercantile and importing business. He returned to Scotland in 1838 before leaving for South Australia on the Welcome (ship) which arrived 3 April 1839.
Alexander Buchanan was part of the second wave of overlanders that followed in the tracks of Hawdon and Bonney, Eyre and Sturt. It was this second wave that began to experience serious difficulties with the Aboriginal communities along the river, particularly those adjacent to the Rufus River as they responded to what appeared to be wholesale invasion of their lands. Buchanan was the only overlander who admitted that he deliberately attacked the Aborigines in retaliation for their acts against his party.
With a number of companions he drove a large flock of sheep which included another 5000 for Frederick Dutton of Anlaby. The men with their huge flock travelled down the Murrumbidgee River and after crossing the Lachlan River travelled across country to pick up the River Murray about 20 miles east of the junction with the Darling. At the North West Bend (Morgan) they left the river travelling across country again to Anlaby where Dutton's sheep were left, before taking the remainder on down to Adelaide.
Alexander was not a property owner but was best known for managing the Anlaby station owned by Frederick H. Dutton (South Australian Northern Pioneer), for about 25 years. Alexander and others completed a memorable overland journey lasting five months to drove sheep back to South Australia from Sydney in 1839. He was also a magistrate in the district.
Anlaby was named after the village in Yorkshire, UK.
Anlaby is a group of buildings unusual in SA for their cohesion and village atmosphere. Like other major homesteads, Anlaby was added to over a long period of time; the first part being built in 1840, soon after the run was taken up by F.H. Dutton. This formed the nucleus of an enormous run, part leasehold, which Dutton established as reflected in the complex of buildings about the homestead. Additions to the homestead include the west front (designed by Bagot 1908) and the library (Milne 1928). Anlaby was the first Merino and Clydesdale stud in SA and notably also as a staging point for explorers Sturt, then McKinlay. (SA Heritage Survey Item Identification Sheet Reference CT 5559/717).
In the Regional Council of Goyder, SA, the district of Buchanan, the associated school (opened 1926, closed 1946) and a road in the area near Anlaby are named after him.
The following information in this article has been sourced from a wide range of on-line public domain sources including Birth, Death and Marriage records; historic newspapers; electoral rolls; national and state archives; the ubiquitous Google search; etc. I am confident that I’m 80% accurate however if you find an error please accept my apology and I welcome correction and feedback.
Parents. Alexanders parents were Alexander Buchanan and Jean (nee Logan) who were married 22 Jan 1810, Glasgow.
His family and Descendants
Buchanan married twice, the first marriage being to Penelope Anne Haddrick, 22 January 1848. She was born 3 January 1819 and died at Anlaby 18 December 1854. They had five children including a set of twins:
- Alexander (1 Nov 1848, Anlaby – 11 Jan 1930, Sydney). He was a Supreme Court Judge in South Australia. He married on 12 Oct 1880,
- Jane Matilda Copeland (1846, Sarnia, Canada - 21 Oct 1914) and had seven children, Alex (20 Jul 1881- 27 Dec 1942, Remark), Brice Copland (30 Nov 1882 - 27 Sep 1944, Sydney), Robert Keith (17 Jan 1885 - 30 Aug 1948), John St Clair (21 Apr 1886 -15 Mar 1935), George Malcolm (28 Oct 1888 - 1 Jul 1946) , Mary Penan Jessie (14 May 1890 – 1972, Sydney), Mayoh James (30 Nov 1891 – 1964, Adelaide)
- Christina Jane Cecelia (11 Jul 1851, Anlaby – 9 Apr 1852). Died young.
- John Bryce (28 Apr 1853, Anlaby – 04 Apr 1939, Swaziland). He was a farmer in South Africa and Swaziland. His common law wife was Dolly Mena MORDANT.
- Tom (30 Nov 1854, Anlaby – 10 Jan 1855), a twin. Died young.
- Edith (30 Nov 1854, Anlaby – 14 Mar 1855), a twin. Died young.
Buchanan's second marriage was to the sister of Penelope; Cecelia Haddrick on 9 April 1857. Cecelia was born 28 October 1828 and died 27 November 1903, Fremantle, WA. Alexander and Cecilia had five children:
- Unknown (11-17 May 1858, Anlaby). Died young.
- Frederick Dutton (8 Nov 1859, Anlaby – 2 Apr 1900, Natal, South Africa). I have found no record of marriage or children.
- Cecelia Eleanor (11 May 1861, Anlaby – 9 Dec 1863). Died young.
- Penelope Anne (28 Oct 1862, Anlaby – 2 Mar 1935, Cottesloe, WA). She married William St Clare White in 29 Apr 1886 at Kapunda, SA.
- Alice Kate (4 Jun 1864, Anlaby – 21 Dec 1941, Albany, WA). She married Edward Wharton White in 10 Dec 1887 at Kapunda, SA, who was the brother of William St Clare White (above).