James Maurice GRAY-BUCHANAN, Scottish-Australian Pastoralist.
James is descended from the Buchanans of Ardoch in Perthshire. The Buchanans of Ardoch are descended from William Buchanan, first of Ardoch who was the eldest son of Thomas Buchanan of Gartincaber. The family are Cadets of Drummakill, via Gartincaber, Blairlusk, and Carbeth (refer http://www.buchanan-heraldry.net.nz/body/ardoch.html).
Born. 1878, Rutherglen, Scotland. Died. 11 Jun 1952, Brisbane, Queensland.
Father.Colonel James Ross GRAY-BUCHANAN, Eastfield House. Glasgow, Scotland. Born, 30 Jan 1840, Barony, Scotland. Died, 1925,Rutherglen, Scotland. Married 1873 at Rutherglen, Kate Farie.
Mother. Catherine FARIE. Born 1846, Rutherglen, Scotland. Died 1888, Rutherglen, Scotland.
Janet Edith GRAY-BUCHANAN. Born 1875, Rutherglen, Scotland. Died, unknown.
Thomas Farie GRAY-BUCHANAN, Born 1876, Rutherglen, Scotland. Died 27 Apr 1899, Queensland(reputedly a shooting accident at Wellshot Station).
Mary Rose GRAY-BUCHANAN. Born 1877, Rutherglen, Scotland. Died, unknown.
James Maurice GRAY-BUCHANAN– detailed above.
Kate Farie GRAY-BUCHANAN, Born 1880, Rutherglen, Scotland. Died, unknown.
Violet Sybil GRAY-BUCHANAN, Born 1883, Rutherglen, Scotland. Died, unknown.
Walter Bruce GRAY-BUCHANAN, Born 1885, Rutherglen, Scotland. Died, 10 Mar 1915, Neuve-Chapelle, Pas-de-Calais, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France.
Cecil Gordon GRAY-BUCHANAN. Born 9 Sep 1886, Glasgow, Scotland. Died 29 May 1915, Gallipoli, Turkey. Enlisted 1stAIF (WW1): 2ndLight Horse, 2 Sep 1914. Army Number: 592. Rank: Trooper. A grazier from Aramac, Queensland
Elizabeth GRAY-BUCHANAN. Born, 1888, Rutherglen, Scotland. Died, unknown.
Jessie Muriel FRASERat St. Peter's Anglican Church, Barcaldine, 10 Jul 1913. Jessie was the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. S. P. Fraser, Saltern Creek, Barcaldine. Born, 18 Dec 1883, Queensland. Died, 27 Aug 1963, Brisbane.
James Ian GRAY-BUCHANAN: Born 20 Jul 1914, Rockhampton, Queensland. Died, 31 Mar 1962, Brisbane. Married June Mary Shepherd. They had two children, Ian and June.
James served in 2ndAIF (WW2): Enlisted at Kelvin Grove, Army Number - QX8622. Rank: Captain.
Sidney Bruce GRAY-BUCHANAN: Born 26 Jul 1916, Rockhampton, Queensland. Died, Aug 1981, Brisbane. Married Ailsa Tait. They had three children, Sam, Jane and Susan.
Sidney served in 2ndAIF (WW2): Enlisted at Kelvin Grove, RAAF Number - 404376. Rank: Flight Lieutenant. He received the Distinguished Flying Medal.
He was posted in to 458 Squadron on 12th October 1941from 12 Squadron. He was awarded the DFM for service with 148 Squadron (Gazetted in March 1943 and presented at Buckingham Palace on 20th July 1943), the citation reads..
"F/Sgt Gray-Buchanan has distinguished himself by his coolness and determination. On two occasions the aircraft, in which he was flying as rear gunner, was attacked by enemy fighters. He obtained hits on an attacking Ju88 despite the fact that his own aircraft had been struck by the enemy's fire and bullets had passed through his flying clothes."
Wallace Gordon GRAY-BUCHANAN: Born 01 Mar 1918, Rockhampton, Queensland. Died, 12 Apr 1941, Killed in Action in Greece. Served in 2ndAIF (WW2): Enlisted at Kelvin Grove, Service Number - QX7011. Rank: Bombardier.
Peter Ronald GRAY-BUCHANAN: Born 28 May 1923, Rockhampton, Queensland. Died, 22 Sep 2006, Ascot, Queensland. He married Dorothy Mason McKinlay. They had three children.
Peter served in 2ndAIF (WW2): Enlisted at Brisbane, RAAF Number - 429554. Rank: Flying Officer. He received the Distinguished Flying Cross.
Gray-Buchanans in Australia
The first known association of the Gray-Buchanans was through the New Zealand and Australia Land Company Limited of Edinburgh (NZALC) which was formed in 1866, with a capitalisation of £2 million, to give limited liability to around thirty-eight land holdings in Australiaand New Zealand, owned by private Scottish investors. It had purchased the area which comprised Wellshot Station in late 1860s. Wellshot was named after the Glasgowe state of Thomas Gray-Buchanan (James Maurice Gray-Buchanan’s grandfather), who was a major shareholder in the company. The Wellshot Station was one of three Queensland properties owned by NZALC and is located 53 km SSE of Longreach, with Yarwong Springs and Cardbeign Station being the other two NZALC Queensland properties. Wellshot Station continued to expand and was considered the world’s largest sheep station, by stock number, with over 460,000 sheep in 1892. In 1936 there was a resumption of land at Wellshot Station and finally in 1948 the remaining land was divided into ten parcels for selection by ballot. Each selection was about 21,000 acres and a clearance sale was held at the station on 27 and 28 Sep 1948. NZALC was purchase by the Anglo-Australian Dalgety Group of food companies in 1968.
One of James Maurice Gray-Buchanan’s cousins, Kenneth Gray-Buchanan came to Australiain 1904 - 06 as the Aid-De-Camp to Sir Reginald Talbot, the then new Governor of Victoria. He married an Australian, Muriel Kate Cummings (1884-1948), in Melbourne at Scots Church on 13 Apr 1911. He later was the commanding officer of the Seaforth Highland Regiment.
James Maurice Gray Buchanan owned Scotstoun Station, 36km north west of Aramac, Queensland.
Warriors of the Clan
In addition to James’ brother, Cecil, there were a number of family members who served in the British Forces.
Walter Bruce Gray-Buchanan who was killed in France. At the time of his death he was a Captain/Adjutant in the 2ndBattalion of the Cameronians (Scottish Rifles). He is buried at the Brown’s Road Military Cemetery, Festubert. Gray-Buchanan was killed while advancing at the side of the CO, W.M. Bliss, who was also killed. Almost all the officers killed that day (13 in total) are buried in Browns Road Cemetery, Festubert, with the exception of a small few. Almost 99% of the men are commemorated on the Le Touret memorial.
A sword belonging to Walter is currently owned by Ian Gray-Buchanan of Tenterfield.
"The Covenanter", 1965 (for the 50th Anniversary), written by Captain M. D. Kennedy, who was in B company:
'The bombardment was timed to lift from the first line of German trenches onto the village of Neuve Chapelle itself at 8.05 a.m., and the assault was to be launched half a minute before it lifted. Shortly before it did so, Gray-Buchanan, the Adjutant, came round to the jumping-off trench to see how things were faring. Shaking hands with the No. 8 Platoon subaltern, he joked with him about meeting in Lille that evening. More than three years were to pass, however, before Lille was to fall into British hands; and within ten minutes of this conversation poor Gray-Buchanan lay dead, together with the C.O., Colonel Bliss, while the subaltern to whom he had spoken lay wounded and unable to move.' barrieduncan (2002)
"Bond of Sacrifice"
The son of Col J.R. Gray-Buchanan of Scotstoun, Rutherglen, Lanark who formerly served in the same regiment for many years from 1859 and afterwards commanded the 3rd Battalion.
He was born on the 20th of August 1885 at Eastfield Rutherglen and was educated at Cargilfield School Edinburgh and Fettes College. He joined the 3rd (Militia) Battalion of the Scottish Rifles as a 2nd Lieutenant in February 1905, being promoted to Lieutenant in March 1906. He was gazetted to the regular regiment in February 1907 and was promoted to Lieutenant in October 1909, Captain in November 1914 and was appointed adjutant of the 2nd Battalion in February 1915. He was killed in action at Neuve Chappelle 10th of March 1915. Hambo (2002)
Lieutenant Ronald Gray-Buchanan is cited http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk , 1914-1920, medal, honours and awards as having served in East Africa Mounted Rifles, Private; King’s African Rifles, Lieutenant; and Grenadier Guards, Lieutenant.
Captain Claude Gray Buchanan of the 35thSikhs who was killed in France on 4 Nov 1914, and
Brigadier-General (temporary) Kenneth Gray-Buchanan. In Mar 1918 in France, he commanded the 154th Brigade which was part of the 51st (Highland) Division and comprised 1/4th (Ross Highland) Battalion Seaforth Highlanders (Ross-shire Buffs, The Duke of Albany's), 1/4th Battalion The Gordon Highlanders, 1/7th Battalion Princess Louise's (Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders), and 154th Trench Mortar Battery.
In addition to James’ four sons in the 2ndAIF, his cousin Kenneth Gray-Buchanan also served in WW2 in the British Army, reaching the rank of Major-General.
James Maurice Gray Buchanan and his wife, Jessie, were avid horse racing enthusiasts and were often recorded as being at one race or another. There continues to this day to be a J.M. Gray-Buchanan Handicap at the Gold Coast.
James’ father, James Ross Gray-Buchanan, was granted Scottish Arms on 30 April 1880 by the Scottish Heraldry Court (Court of the Lord Lyon). These Arms and the title of Armiger passed to each eldest surviving son of the name Gray-Buchanan and is presently the property of Ian Gray-Buchanan. Ian is one of a very small number of Buchanan armigers in Australia. Arms are shown at http://www.buchanan-heraldry.net.nz/body/gray.html